In this 8 hour session, Mark Dauberman will explain a defined methodology with a step by step approach to fraud risk identification for asset misappropriation schemes and identifying the signs that may be indicators of fraud and the controls that may be effective for prevention. This CPE webinar will explore the ways inventory fraud may be committed and both common controls intended to prevent them as well as unconventional controls that may prove more effective when it comes to fraud prevention. The discussions will show how to incorporate the methodology into the planning stage of the audit.
Session 1- FRAUD ESSENTIALS
For decades, the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners has been estimating the amount that entities lose to fraud on an annual basis. In their “Report to the Nations – 2020 Global Study on Occupational Fraud and Abuse”, it estimates that entities lose roughly 5% of their revenues to fraud, comparable to findings in earlier years. Despite endless studies on why and how it occurs, the creation of systems or controls to prevent it, and the development of internal reports to detect it, fraud continues to be a problem.
While many agree that it is a problem that will probably never be solved, there are approaches that may be more effective at mitigating it. This course looks at the profiles of the various types of fraud perpetrators, how it is committed, and the conditions under which it is likely to be successful.
This knowledge enables those responsible for the prevention or detection of fraud to establish different types of controls that will be more effective for different types of perpetrators, develop processes that make committing fraud more difficult, and modify the environment to avoid conditions that contribute to the success of fraudulent acts.
Any solution will involve the development of internal control activities, but it must be understood that conventional controls are rarely effective at fraud prevention. This course will identify the characteristics of controls that are more likely to be effective and provide examples of unconventional controls that have proven to be effective.
Major Topics Covered :
- Who commits fraud?
- How is it done?
- Why do they do it?
- What can we do to prevent or detect it?
Session 2- FRAUD PERPETRATORS AND HOW TO PREPARE FOR THEM
Fraud is an insidious crime. Commonly defined, fraud is an act in which attempts are made to deceive with promises of goods, services, or financial benefits that do not exist, were never intended to be provided, or were misrepresented. And each year, tens of millions of people fall prey to fraudulent schemes and practices. While conventional internal controls are rarely effective for preventing fraud, some less conventional controls have proven effective. One size, however, does not fit all. There are several different types of “typical” fraud perpetrators who commit fraud for different reasons, perform their fraudulent acts in different manners, and have different views on how their acts can be rationalized.
This course will profile 4 types of typical fraud perpetrators, and how the three characteristics of the fraud triangle, reason, opportunity, and rationalization, apply to each. We will then use this information to develop a fraud prevention strategy for each. The strategies will be used to develop specific controls and to describe the characteristics of controls more likely to be effective than others.
Major Topics Covered :
- The fraud triangle – the characteristics of fraud
- Profiles of typical fraud perpetrators
- Fitting the fraud triangle to the profiles
- Characteristics of preventive controls
- Developing preventive controls
Session 3- PREVENT & DETECT CASH FRAUD
Revenue and cash receipts are two critical areas that require strong controls to prevent intentional fraud or unintentional misstatements. While there is well-publicized fraud in these areas in larger companies, it also occurs, and can even be more likely to occur, in smaller businesses and not-for-profit entities. A sound system of internal control is needed to help prevent fraudulent activities and reporting related to the revenue and cash receipts cycle.
According to the 2020 Report to the Nations, published by the ACFE, three of the five asset misappropriation schemes presenting the greatest risk involve the misappropriation of cash. They are:
- Check and payment tampering
- Cash larceny
A deficiency in internal control that prevents an entity from protecting its cash is putting that entity’s existence into jeopardy. It is the management’s responsibility to develop, implement, and maintain controls to protect the entity’s assets from misappropriation as well as to otherwise achieve management objectives. In addition, regardless of the actual relationship or the service performed by a CPA for a client, in many cases a client will hold the CPA responsible for the detection of fraud, and many even hold the CPA liable for fraud subsequently detected by others.
This course describes the most common types of fraud schemes used to misappropriate cash, including
- How Frauds are committed
- The conditions under which frauds will be successful
- The impact on various financial statement components
- Identifying the signs that may be indicators of fraud and the controls that may be effective for prevention.
Session 4-PREVENTING & DETECTING INVENTORY FRAUD